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Far from gender balance?

Women-led Businesses in Public Procurement Markets

Around the world, governments spend a large portion of their budgets buying goods and services from the private sector. Unequal access to these public resources by private entities is a relevant issue across the development spectrum. Existing literature on favouritism and corruption in public resource allocation finds that bias in access to public contracts has a significant impact on both the quality of procurement outcomes achieved and on economic well-being of the favoured vs. unfavoured groups. However, what is less understood is how gender of market participants relates to favouritism in public procurement.


For this reason, the EBRD Legal Transition Programme initiated a research to understand whether governments themselves amplify economic imbalances by public procurement regulations. If we assume, as existing literature suggests, that economic transactions in public procurement are deeply embedded in local political cultures, and that an unequal distribution of political power between men and women prevails in most economies, we expect that public procurement markets amplify inequalities in regions with already large gender gaps and where established men-dominated networks at the intersection of business and politics drive decision making.


In that regard, it is noted that tackling gender imbalances in decision-making positions in politics and business is part of the European Commission's agenda, and policies are being adopted to improve the current situation. These policies are backed by statistics on gender imbalance in managing positions of both public and private organizations. However, data on gender imbalances in the amount of public spending that flows to companies led or owned by men vs by women is missing, despite clear policy goals that have been set on the economic empowerment of women and the significant potential of public procurement to impact their achievement.


Objectives



The webinar will look at and provide first tentative answers with regard to empirical evidence on gender gaps in public procurement from a new perspective, exploring the following questions:

● What percentage of public procurement spending goes to women-run businesses? How does it compare to the general economy?

● How do gendered macro indicators correlate with gender composition of private sector management?

● How is the gender composition of company management boards associated with corruption risks in public procurement?

Agenda

July 8, 2020

Main Schedule

3:00 PM
On behalf of the Bank
Barbara Rambousek, Director of Gender and Economic Inclusion, EBRD.
Barbara Rambousek (Director, Gender & Economic Inclusion of EBRD)
3:10 PM - 3:35 PM
Research Presentation
Mihály Fazekas (Assistant Professor at Central European University)
Yuliia Kazmina (Data Scientist at Government Transparency Institute)
Johannes Wachs (Assistant Professor at Vienna University of Economics and Business)
3:35 PM - 4:15 PM
'Women in Trade' Champions
Trinidad Inostroza (Women in Procurement Champion, Chile)
Annamaria La Chimia (Professor of Law and Development, School of Law at University of Nottingham)
Anna Caroline Müller (Legal Affairs Officer at WTO)
Kitty Villani-Cohen (Senior Expert, Procurement)
4:15 PM - 4:25 PM
Q&As
4:25 PM - 4:30 PM
What's next?
Eliza Niewiadomska (Senior Counsel, Legal Transition Programme at EBRD)
Lindsey Marchessault (Director for Data and Engagement of OCP)

Speakers

Mihály Fazekas (Assistant Professor at Central European University)

Mihály Fazekas

Assistant Professor at Central European University

Trinidad Inostroza (Women in Procurement Champion, Chile)

Trinidad Inostroza

Women in Procurement Champion, Chile

Yuliia Kazmina (Data Scientist at Government Transparency Institute)

Yuliia Kazmina

Data Scientist at Government Transparency Institute

Annamaria La Chimia (Professor of Law and Development, School of Law at University of Nottingham)

Annamaria La Chimia

Professor of Law and Development, School of Law at University of Nottingham

Lindsey Marchessault (Director for Data and Engagement of OCP)

Lindsey Marchessault

Director for Data and Engagement of OCP

Anna Caroline Müller (Legal Affairs Officer at WTO)

Anna Caroline Müller

Legal Affairs Officer at WTO

Eliza Niewiadomska (Senior Counsel, Legal Transition Programme at EBRD)

Eliza Niewiadomska

Senior Counsel, Legal Transition Programme at EBRD

Barbara Rambousek (Director, Gender & Economic Inclusion of EBRD)

Barbara Rambousek

Director, Gender & Economic Inclusion of EBRD

Kitty Villani-Cohen (Senior Expert, Procurement)

Kitty Villani-Cohen

Senior Expert, Procurement

Johannes Wachs (Assistant Professor at Vienna University of Economics and Business)

Johannes Wachs

Assistant Professor at Vienna University of Economics and Business

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